The Biden administration released its first official National Security Strategy (NSS) report on the 12th.
Regarding the Korean Peninsula, the report said, “We will pursue continued diplomacy with North Korea to make tangible progress toward the complete denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula.”
“At the same time, we will strengthen our extended deterrence in the face of North Korea’s weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and missile threats,” he added.
We will seek sustained diplomacy with North Korea to make tangible progress toward the complete denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula, while strengthening extended deterrence in the face of North Korean weapons of mass destruction and missile threats.”
This is a statement of the principle of North Korea that the Biden administration has revealed so far.
White House National Security Adviser Jake Sullivan, at an event co-hosted by the Center for New American Security (CNAS) and Georgetown University on the same day, mentioned North Korea and Iran in relation to the report, saying that more than one threat should be watched at a time.
“We have to keep our eye on more than one ball at one time. The DPRK has not halted its forward progress. Iran is still advancing its nuclear program plotting to harm Americans.”
North Korea has not stopped making progress (nuclear and missile development), and Iran is still advancing its nuclear program while plotting to harm Americans.
“The United States has maintained a strong and consistent defense capability for 75 years and will continue to make a meaningful contribution to stability and peace in the region,” the report said.
“We will reaffirm our ironclad commitment to our Indo-Pacific Treaty allies, Australia, Japan, South Korea, the Philippines and Thailand, and continue to modernize these alliances,” he said.
“For 75 years, the United States has maintained a strong and consistent defense presence and will continue to meaningfully contribute to the region’s stability and peace. We reaffirm our iron-clad commitments to our Indo-Pacific treaty allies—Australia, Japan, the Republic of Korea, the Philippines, and Thailand—and we will continue to modernize these alliances. We reaffirm our unwavering commitment to the defense of Japan under our mutual security treaty, which covers the Senkaku Islands. As India is the world’s largest democracy and a Major Defense Partner, the United States and India will work together, bilaterally and multilaterally, to support our shared vision of a free and open Indo-Pacific.”
Regarding Japan, he said, “We reaffirm our firm will to defend Japan in accordance with the Mutual Security Treaty.” “This includes the Senkaku Islands.” The Senkaku Islands (Chinese name: Diaoyu Islands) are located adjacent to the Taiwan Strait as Japan’s territorial dispute with China.
He introduced India as “the world’s largest democracy and major defense partner,” adding that “the United States and India will work bilaterally and multilaterally to support our shared vision of a free and open Indo-Pacific.”
Adviser Sullivan also reiterated the importance of the Asia-Pacific alliance in his speech.
“In the Indo-Pacific, we’ve reaffirmed our ironclad commitments to our treaty allies, lifted our alliances with Japan, South Korea and Australia to new levels of vitality restored the visiting forces’ agreement with the Philippines. We’ve elevated a new partnership of democracies the Quad to help drive our vision of a free and open Indo-Pacific.
“In the Indo-Pacific region, we reaffirmed our ironclad commitment to our allies and have brought our treaty alliances with Japan, South Korea and Australia to a new level of vitality,” he said.
He also emphasized that “to advance our vision of a free and open Indo-Pacific, we have strengthened our new partnership in democracy, the Quad.”
Since the 1980s, the White House has regularly published the National Strategy Report (NSS), which clarifies the US foreign strategy policy.
The Biden administration, which took office in January of last year, originally planned to release the report in January of this year, but the release was delayed due to a change in strategy due to Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.
The White House said President Biden’s national security strategy “explains how the United States will promote a world that is free, open, prosperous and secure, while advancing our primary interests.”
The 48-page report points out that “the most pressing strategic challenge facing our vision is a power that combines authoritarian rule with revisionist foreign policy.”
“In particular, their conduct poses a challenge to international peace and stability, including waging or preparing for war of aggression, actively undermining other countries’ democratic and political processes, and using technology and supply chains as leverage for coercion and repression.” I did.
“Many non-democratic countries are joining the world’s democracies that refuse to do this, but unfortunately Russia and China (PRC) do not.”
“Russia and China pose different challenges,” the report said.
“Russia and the PRC pose different challenges. Russia poses an immediate threat to the free and open international system, recklessly flouting the basic laws of the international order today, as its brutal war of aggression against Ukraine has shown. The PRC, by contrast, is the only competitor with both the intent to reshape the international order and, increasingly, the economic, diplomatic, military, and technological power to advance that objective”
Specifically, it pointed out that “Russia is posing an immediate threat to the free and open international system by recklessly ridiculing the basic laws of today’s international order, as demonstrated by the brutal war of aggression against Ukraine.”
“In contrast, China is the only competitor with the intention of reshaping the international order and increasingly economic, diplomatic, military and technological power to achieve that purpose,” he said.
He also described China as “America’s most consequential geopolitical challenge”.
In his speech, Sullivan stressed the threat from China, noting that it was “the only competitor with both the intention to reshape the international order and the growing ability to do it.”
“The PRC’s assertiveness at home and abroad is advancing an illiberal vision across economic political security and technological realms in competition with the West. It is the only competitor with both the intent to reshape the international order and the growing capacity to do it.”
China’s assertion at home and abroad is that it is advancing its non-liberal vision across economic, political, security and technological spheres in competition with the West.
The report also mentioned North Korea along with Iran, saying, “We recognize that other small dictatorships are also behaving in aggressive and destabilizing ways.”
“We also recognize that other smaller autocratic powers are also acting in aggressive and destabilizing ways…The Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) continues to expand its illicit nuclear weapons and missile programs”
“North Korea continues to expand its illegal nuclear and missile programs.”
“A free, open, prosperous and secure international order” is our clear goal, the report said, and we will make three efforts to achieve it.
“Achieving this goal requires three lines of effort. We will: 1) invest in the underlying sources and tools of American power and influence; 2) build the strongest possible coalition of nations to enhance our collective influence to shape the global strategic environment and to solve shared challenges; and 3) modernize and strengthen our military so it is equipped for the era of strategic competition with major powers, while maintaining the capability to disrupt the terrorist threat to the homeland.”
First, he said he would invest in the means and sources of American power and influence.
We will build the strongest possible national solidarity to shape an international strategic environment and strengthen our collective influence to solve common challenges.
He added that while modernizing and strengthening our military to prepare us for an era of strategic competition with great powers, we will also maintain our capabilities to block terrorist threats to the US mainland.
In addition to strategic challenges, the report mentioned climate change, epidemics, food security, terrorism, energy shortages, and inflation, as there are common challenges facing people around the world.
At the same time, we work with all countries, including our competitors, to constructively solve common challenges within a rules-based international order, while deepening cooperation with democracies, the core of our solidarity, to demonstrate the competence of democracy. He said he would seek a dual-track approach.